The Positive Mindset Index (PMI) is a short and easy to complete to measure people’s mental health. The PMI has been validated and has been used in a good number of studies.

For an excellent overview, check out this website.

This scale consists of six items (happiness, confidence, being in control, emotional stability, motivation and optimism). The PMI shows good internal reliability (Cronbach’s α = 0.926) and good concurrent validity (r = .678) with the psychological subscale of the SF-36. The norm for the PMI is 3.30.

In other words, the average in the population is 3.30.

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The MPI be used for research, but you need to acknowledge the authors and their research paper when writing about it (Barry, Folkard, & Ayliffe, 2014).


This is a simple multiradio question.

The survey code for PsyToolkit

Copy and paste this code to your PsyToolkit account if you want to use the scale in your own online research project
l: PMI
t: multiradio 5
o: free
q: Please say how much you are feeling the following at this moment in time.<BR>
Please select one of the options (e.g. "happy" or "unhappy" for the words in each box, indicating how you are feeling at this moment.
- Very unhappy
- Unhappy
- Moderately happy
- Happy
- Very happy
- Very unconfident
- Unconfident
- Moderately confident
- Confident
- Very confident
- Very out of control
- Out of control
- Moderately in control
- In control
- Very in control
- Very unstable
- Unstable
- Moderately stable
- Stable
- Very stable
- Very unmotivated
- Unmotivated
- Moderately motivated
- Motivated
- Very motivated
- Very pessimistic
- Pessimistic
- Moderately optimistic
- Optimistic
- Very optimistic

l: PMIfeedback
t: info
q: Your Positive Mindset Index (PMI) score is {$PMI}.
The score can range between 1 and 5 points, with 3 as the midpoint.
The population average is 3.30.


  • Barry, J. A., Folkard, A., & Ayliffe, W. (2014). Validation of a brief questionnaire measuring positive mindset in patients with uveitis. Psychology, Community & Health, 3(1), 1-10. Open Access PDF

  • Seager, M., Sullivan, L., & Barry, J. (2014). Gender-Related Schemas and Suicidality: Validation of the Male and Female Traditional Gender Scripts Questionnaires. New Male Studies, 3(3), 34-54. Open Access PDF